Diabetes mellitus is a nutritional disorders, characterized by an abnormally elevated level of
blood glucose and by the excretion of the excess glucose in the urine. It results from an absolute
or relative lack of insulin which leads to abnormalities in carbohydrate metabolism and also in
the metabolism of protein and fat.
Diabetes is a disease known to the medical world since time immemorial. Its incidence is ,
though, much higher at this time than ever beforehand. This is mainly true in case of more
advanced countries of the world as a result of widespread affluence and more generous food supply.
The most commonly-used screening tests are the determination of the fasting blood glucose
level and the two-hour postprandial, that is after a meal. The usual fasting blood sugar content
is 80 to 120 mg. per 100 ml. of blood and this can go up to a level of 180 mg. per 100 ml. of
blood two hours after meals. whatever above these norms might be termed diabetic levels.
Diabetes happens in all age groups, from youthful infants to the ancient. the most fabulous incidence
happens in middle or older aged persons. it is calculed that 80 to 85 per cent of all individuals
with diabetes mellitus are 45 years of age or older.
The word diabetes is derived from the Greek word meaning “to siphon to pass through”, and
mellitus comes from the Latin word “honey”. Thus two features symptoms, namely, copious
urination and glucose in the urine give the name to the disease. The usual volume of urine
passed every day is about one and a half litres. The urine is of a pale colour, has an acidic reaction
and sweetish odour. The quantity of sugar present in it varies from one-and-quarter decigram to
two and-a-half grams the total per day in lots cases reaching as much as one kg in 15 litres of
A diabetic feels hungry and thirsty most of the time, doesn’t put on weight, although he eats
every now and then, and gets tired simply, both physically and mentally. He appears pale, may
undergo from anaemia, constipation, intense itching around the genital organs, palpitations and
common weakness. He feels sleepy and has a reduce sex urge than a usual person.
Diabetes has been explicated by most biological physicians as a “prosperity” disease, primarily
a cause of systematic overeating and consequent obesity. Not only the overeating of sugar and
refined carbohydrate but in addition of proteins and fats, which are altered into sugar if taken in
excess, is hazardous and may result in diabetes. Too much food taxes the pancreas and eventually
paralyses its usual activity. It has been estimated that the incidence of diabetes is 4 times
higher in persons of moderate obesity and 30 times higher in persons of severe obesity.
Grief, worry and anxiety in addition have a deep influence on the metabolism and may cause sugar to
appear in the urine. The disease may be connected with some other grave organic disorders
like cancer, tuberculosis and cerebral disease. Heredity is in addition a major reason in the development
of the disease. It has been rightly mentioned, ” Heredity is such as a cannon and obesity pulls the trigger.”
Any successful technique of diabetes medicine should objective at removal of the actual cause of the
disease and building up of the whole health-level of the patient. Diet plays an essential role in such a
medicine. The primary dietary suggestion for a diabetic patient is that he should be a strict
lacto-vegetarian and take a low-calorie, low-fat, alkaline diet of high quality natural foods. Fruits,
nuts and veggies, whole meal bread and dairy products form a good diet for the diabetic.
These foods are absolute eaten in as dry a situation as doable to ensure thorough salivation
all through the first component of the process of digestion.
Cooked starchy foods should be avoided as in the process of cooking the cellulose envelops of
the starch granules burst and consequently, the starch is far too simply absorbed in the system.
The excess absorbed has to be got rid of by the kidneys and gives the look as sugar in the urine. With
raw starchy foods, though, the saliva and digestive juices in the little intestine regulate the
quantities indispensable to be modified into sugar for the body’s requires. The not used and undigested
fraction of raw starchy foods doesn’t become injurious to the system, as it doesn’t readily
The diabetic shouldn’t be afraid to consume fresh fruits and veggies which contain sugar and
starch. Fresh fruits contain sugar fructose, which doesn’t need insulin for its metabolism and is
well tolerated by diabetics. Fats and oils should be taken sparingly, for they are apt to reduce the
tolerance for proteins and starches. attention should be on raw foods as they cultivate and
boost insulin production. For protein, home- generated cottage cheese, a numerous forms of soured
milks and nuts are absolute. The patient should stay away from overeating and take 4 or 5 small meals a
day rather than 3 large ones.
The going after diet should serve as a guideline.
Upon arising : A glass of lukewarm water with freshly squeezed lemon juice.
Breakfast : Any fresh fruit apart from bananas, soaked prunes, a little quantity of
whole meal bread with butter and fresh milk.
Lunch : Steamed or lightly cooked green veggies such as cauliflower, cabbage, tomatoes,
spinach, turnip, asparagus and mushrooms, two or 3 whole wheat chapatis according to
appetite and a glass of butter-milk or curd.
Mid-afternoon : A glass of fresh fruit or vegetable juice.
Dinner : A large bowl of salad generated up of all the raw veggies in season. The salad may be
followed by a hot course, if desired, and fresh home-made cottage cheese.
Bedtime Snack : A glass of fresh milk.
Flesh foods find no place in this regimen, for they boost the toxaemic situation underlying the
diabetic indicate and lower the sugar tolerance. On the other hand, a non-stimulating vegetarian
diet, mainly one generated up of raw foods, promotes and increases sugar tolerance.
Celery, cucumbers, string beans, onion and garlic are especiallybeneficial. String bean pod tea
is an excellent natural alternative for insulin and highly favourable in diabetes. The skin of the
pods of green beans are extremely wealthy in silica and certain hormone substances which are
nearly relevant to insulin. One cup of string bean tea is equal to one unit of insulin. Cucumbers
contain a hormone necessary by the cells of the pancreas for producing insulin. Onion and garlic
have proved favourable in reducing blood sugar in diabetes.
Recent scientific investigations have established that bitter gourd (karela) is highly favourable in
the medicine of diabetes. it involves an insulin-like principle, considered as plant-insulin which has
been found efficient in lowering the blood and urine sugar levels. It should, therefore, be
included liberally in the diet of the diabetic. for good results, the diabetic should take the juice
of about 4 or 5 fruits every morning on an empty abdomen. The seeds of bitter gourd can be
added to food in a powdered form. Diabetics can in addition use bitter gourd in the sort of decoction
by boiling the pieces in water or in the sort of dry powder.
Another efficient home medicine is jambul fruit considered as jamun in the vernacular. It is regarded in
traditional antidote as a special against diabetes as a result of its end result on the pancreas. The
fruits as such, the seeds and fruit juice are all helpful in the medicine of this disease. The seeds
contain a glucoside �jamboline’ which is believed to have power to verify the pathological
conversion of starch into sugar in situations of increased production of glucose. They should be
dried and powdered. This powder should be taken mixed in milk , curd or water.
The patient should stay away from tea, coffee and cocoa as a result of their dangerous influence on the
digestive tract. Other foods which should be avoided are white bread, white flour products, sugar
tinned fruits, sweets, chocolates, pastries, pies, puddings, refined cereals and alcoholic drinks.
The most essential nutrient in the medicine of diabetes is manganese which is important in the
production of natural insulin. It is found out in citrus fruits, in the outer covering of nuts, grains and in
the green leaves of edible plants. Other nutrients of singular value are zinc, B complicated vitamins
and poly-unsaturated fatty acids.
Exercise is in addition an important reason in the medicine of diabetes. Light games, jogging and
swimming are adviced. Yogic asanas such as bhujangasana, shalabhasana,
dhanurasana, paschimottanasana, sarvangasna, halasana, ardha-matsyendrasana and
shavasana, yogic krisyas like jalneti and kunajl and pranayamas such as kapalbhati,
anuloma-viloma and ujjai are highly favourable.
Hydrotherapy and colonic irrigations form a extremely important part of medicine. The colon should
be thoroughly cleansed every second day or so, until the bowel discharge assumes normal
characteristics. Bathing in cold water infinitely increases the circulation and enhances the capacity
of the muscles to utilise sugar.
The diabetic patient should eliminate minor worries from his every day life. He must endeavor to be
more easy-going and shouldn’t get unduly worked up by the pressure and strain of life.