Financial Constraints in Guidance and Counselling

Human resource development has become a primary public policy issue during the last decade. In search of full economic growth, economists have turned their attention to the quality and quantity of labor force and physical capital. Researches on long-run economic changes growth have in the indicated quantities that of conventional less than half of the factors the growth of production rate in. output i.e. capital can be and explained labor. The by evolves concept of from human desire capital to draw has attention been recent to the developed value of preservation. If we peep into of life the. history the need, this to develop concept the system for compensation when human life is injured or expires. This is due to the following

(1) there were costs associated with the development and formation of human capital.
(2) output of skilled human resources added incrementally to the national product, and expenditure on human resources which increased the national product also increased national wealth.

Education improves cognitive abilities, technical skills knowledge productive efficiency and mobility in different occupations. Education enhances productivity and thus raises the earnings and levels of individuals. Besides this general contribution. Education contributes productivity towards been due economic to advancement is the resulting development of in technological technology. Research and advancement high has concluded investment systematic that in human faster application economic resources of. growth Increase scientific has in knowledge, and improvements in skills and knowledge for specialized tasks.

Guidance and counseling as a discipline assist in human resource development and is an essential part of an educational system. It can help in the optimal development of human potential and capabilities. A share of investment in education should go to guidance and counseling. This relationship between investment in guidance programs and income levels is positively related.

At a higher level of development, a high level of financial investment becomes essential to meet the human resource requirement of further growth. In developing countries, the process of educational development is slow as these countries direct only a little of their financial resources to education The stock of educated human resources is either small or ill-trained. This leads to slow economic growth. Real resources consist of workers, their skills, technology, raw materials, capital investments. entrepreneurial, managerial as well as supervisory personnel.

The resources can be classified as external and internal resources. But resources are limited and the requirements of any guidance programs are great. Therefore all objectives of any guidance program cannot be achieved to its fullest extent. Hence there is a need for fixing priorities so that financial constraints can be adjusted. While planning at the national level priorities of sectors are determined. Unfortunately, education never remained on the top of the list. All plans at the national level recognize that manpower resources can be developed through education It is to be remembered that guidance and counseling is sub-sector of education.

When the investment in education is low, the constraints will naturally shift also to guidance and counseling. Quantitative expansion of the education system in Pakistan since independence can be seen in the number of educational institutions and students enrolled in this institution. This expansion is at each level. Primary, secondary, tertiary and technical level. Despite this expansion, the investment in education remained round 2.1 of G.N.P. This fiscal situation compels the planners to lix priorities.

The first category is ongoing payments of teachers and administrators It is a fact that the lion’s share of educational budget allocation goes to maintaining the existing educational system. Ghaffaer. (1985) vicus that the budget allocated for development is spent on the acquisition of land. on the construction and equipping of new schools on addition or alternation of existing institutions.

Planning the budget is a specific aspect where financial constraints are kept in view, The basic purpose of a budget is to reflect the financial resources needed 10 operate a given educational program. Each budget item is related to an activity which is related to a specific goal or objective of the organization, I’ve gone back to the report of the Commission on National Education’959, it says:

“If we are to meet this need for educational guidance in our schools, a long range programme, based on psychological theory will be necessary. Such a programme should span the entire educational experience of the student from the very first class through the University”.


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