Historical Approach in Education

In the historical approach, education is delivered on conservative grounds, and everything which forms part of the education follows set rules and precedence derived from rational theories, experiences, ideas, and beliefs, which become standardized over a period of time.

Historically, the educational system constitutes a school having a number of classrooms of varied age groups learning at asymmetrical ascending levels where the teacher delivers the knowledge to the student, who listens carefully and takes notes from the presentation of the teacher.

Imitation used to play an important role in attaining standardized knowledge as advocated by Piaget (1962).

Bruner, Ross, and Wood (1979) also term action which leads to constructive learning and rated it as an important tool for learning.

In the contemporary educational scene, there are many technical tools that have replaced the action previously been conceptualized through teachers’ actions, observations, and experiences.

These tools have taken an important place in present learning environments in the shape of computers, videos, overhead projectors, multimedia, mobile and tablet thus presenting a virtual reality of all one can learn.

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On the other hand, the actual movement by the recipient of knowledge has been curtailed, which used to provide a physical evidence of all that was learned. Even the scientific models are replaced by virtual simulators.

Resultantly, the learning through very quickly, but is not beyond the scope of eyes and diminishes as the screen is switched off and fades away with the passage of time.

But besides induction of modern and post-modern tools the actual conception of learning and educational system as a whole remains historical in most of the institutions.

The teacher still holds the central place in the educational system at least at primary and secondary level.

Traditionally the books were prescribed for each stage of learning. The learner was bound to adhere to the contents of the prescribed books for each discipline.

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