As the descriptive approach is said to be prevailing, the prescriptive approach is how it should be.
Based on the values, rules, and laws, the prescriptive approach is historical. A set procedure has come up after a lot of deliberation and trials and is considered the right option.
In education, the prescriptive approach can be related to idealist, realist, perennial, or essentialist philosophies because it is strict and somewhat rigid.
In the prescriptive educational approach, the textbooks are prescribed. They are provided to the students, and only those concepts are studied, which are considered essential and harmonious to societal needs.
The students have a limited choice, and more stress is laid on the more scientific and utility-based subjects.
Ethics remain important and are considered as the tool kit for the survival of a nation.
The prescriptive approach is based on the belief that order, stability, and discipline in the world are due to fixed laws and principles.
If the laws and principles are flexible, an injustice will creep in, and thus peace would be jeopardized.
The prescriptive approach stresses more on the conceptual understanding of the facts than producing new reasons to justify.
Advantages of Prescriptive Approach
The prescribed textbooks provide a well-balanced chronological development of information to the students.
Books are more helpful for the teachers with weak cognitive ability and teaching skills, where complete lesson design and the exercises are well laid out.
The approach standardizes the ability level of students for assessment and grades.
Moreover, the textbooks provide a lead to calculate time and space in advance.
The prescriptive approach provides a uniform standard of ethics and values for the entire community, providing a better discipline and social norms.
The disadvantage of the Prescriptive Approach
The prescriptive approach shuts down the students’ novelty and creativity since books are designed on a singular theme.
The information and knowledge change rapidly, and textbooks are soon outdated.
The students are tested for only factual knowledge, and books do not cater to their background knowledge.