The quantitative educational approach can be understood from two different perspectives: firstly, in a purely academic sense in which quantitative literacy is focused and relates to a physical quantity, numerical enhancement of the literate individual.
Quantitative literacy relates to the requirement of a general level of mathematical skill and knowledge expected from all citizens.
Almost in every society, people generally hesitant to get involved in mathematical skills. It may be due to weak educators in the field of quantitative literacy.
Quantitative literacy is a routine affair that includes number sense, data representation, measurement, and calculation of mass, area, and volume, statistics, variables, and accounting.
Also, it includes geometric shapes, spatial visualization, and chance, which helps in projecting values, predictions, and everyday expenses (Dossey, 2012)
Glenda Price includes computation, inquiry interpretation, and mathematical concepts as critical needs of present-day lifestyle.
Quantitative learning is essential for any course that needs accuracy and precision, e.g., mathematics, algebra, physics, geometry, and statistics.
Even in subjects like chemistry, biology, and economics, we need extensive quantitative literacy skills. Computer science and engineering demand an outstanding ability in quantitative literacy.
When the special emphasis is provided to quantitative literacy, it is termed as a quantitative approach in education because mathematical skills lead a better lot of students towards scientific and technological discipline, which is regarded as critical for society’s progress.
Enhancing the Number of Literates
In the comity of nations, every nation wants to stand tall as a progressive, well developed, strong, and stable country.
The United Nations has a number of development indicators to gauge a country’s standing in which literacy rate and educational standards are very important indicators.
Developing countries are always striving hard to raise their literacy rate, for which a quantitative approach of mass education is adopted. United Nations itself has launched.
Education for All programs to pursue the developing countries to educate their coming generation in totality.
In this context, countries follow a quantitative approach to meet the targets specified in their own national goals.
In addition, other measures are taken to increase the number of individuals seeking higher education and increase the number of individuals with doctorate-level education.
Developing countries usually keep initiating incentives to people in order to meet international requirements.
The distance education program is also based on the quantitative approach in order to provide an opportunity for the individuals living in far-flung areas and professionals who cannot spare time to complete or enhance their educational qualifications.
Many countries are engaged in rendering this facility to their citizens, which has immensely increased their international standing.
Distance education facilitates a large quantum of students to achieve access to accredited educational qualifications without being physically engaged in an educational routine.
It is the separation learner and the teacher in time and space or both. A variety of methods are adopted as courseware, which includes postal print, radio broadcasts, television, and now computer-based learning.
The distance quantitative approach allows learners and tutors to interact freely. It also caters to face-to-face interaction during tutorials.
The large-scale educational operations are facilitated by a network of various staff organized in development teams.
Guiding Principle of Distance Education
Distance education endeavours to provide us with a much closer commitment to learning as it
happens in face-to-face interactions. The following principles are the key to this quantitative approach:
- Clear purpose, objective, and outcomes of the learning experience
- The student/learner is actively engaged without long gaps.
- A variety of media and means to correspond should be available to the learner.
- Must include problem-based and knowledge-based material that should invoke
- the logical thought process, analysis, and synthesis on one side during comprehension and
- application of learned knowledge.
- Learning is always sensitive to context and social support interaction.
Advantages of Distance Education
Distance education allows the learner to set their own pace and place of study. Those engaged in livelihood may also take distance education programs and can study in void slots. It offers a full-time accredited degree at a very less cost.
There is complete freedom; the learner can keep interacting with the tutor using a variety of communication means and even face to face if needed.
Advantages of Distance Education
Distance education is ideal for an individual who is self-motivated and determined to undergo the course of study.
A learner sometimes feels isolated and misses the motivation of the teacher and the assistance of peers. Sometimes the teaching material is inadequate to the needs of learners and needs a library.
Massive Open Online Courses
It is also regarded as the outcome of the quantitative approach of education in which unlimited induction and open access via the internet are provided to the participants free of cost to geographically dispersed learners.
Traditional course material such as reading, videos, CDs, and problem sets are provided to them. The year 2012 was named as the year of MOOC a wide range of courses were offered online free of cost.
The best education in the world was believed to be available to every corner of the world. Udacity, Coursera, and edX were three brands offering online courses.
More than 2 million students were signed in with these three MOOC providers. Today MOOC has been launched by some leading universities as well, offering courses in almost every field of education.
Advantages of Massive Open Online Courses
MOOCs present equal access for the entire learning community. Diverse choices of programs are offered to the learners.
Students can participate in online courses which highly interactive. Tools like video conferences, blogs, podcasts, and forums are facilitated at a click.
Students can discuss and share experiences worldwide with real problems rather than presenting a hypothetical example in a classroom.
This discussion and provide a computerized system of review and assessment of students.
Disadvantages of Massive Open Online Courses
MOOC providers’ courses are supervised and monitored by a number of teachers and professors, but as the number of students is overwhelmingly high, active feedback on assignments and tests difficult to communicate.
The interaction of students with teachers who teach is totally absent, and it is difficult to contact them.
There is no motivating factor for the weaker students, and soon, they lack interest and abandon the course, as it is free.
Only those students who are self-motivated and possess a lot of perseverance can successfully complete the course.
Researches on MOOCs reveal that only 7.7% of the total intake usually completes the course.
Lastly, the providers of MOOCs face a lot of financial problems since it is free of cost.