The age of the student, linguistic, and cultural background mental capacity, and educational background are important factors in language learning.
Special techniques will be needed with different ages, such as play method, memorization, mimicry, role-playing, dramatization, recitation, etc.
In cases where the learner needs the language for his social and personal use, the speed of learning is faster.
Social prestige is attached to language if it is required for business or professional or recreational use.
Read More: Sociological Approach in Education
The interest in language is an important factor in learning. The interest would be guaranteed if the learner becomes aware of its value for future use.
Good linguistic habits in the first influence second language learning.
A person using the first language skilfully will be inclined to do the same in the second language.
Motivation is another important factor in learning. Learning by rote, memorization, and mimicry may become a little boring, and extrinsic motivation may be needed.
For a linguistic setting, a proper atmosphere should be created. The students will differ in the kind of material, they find it easy to learn and remember.
Some may remember and learn by seeing the written word for mental images; others may have vivid aural perception or memory, for another muscular movement in speaking and writing would be important.
These differences must be kept in mind for preparing and presenting language material.
Teachers’ influence is another important factor in language learning. The knowledge of the subject matter, enthusiasm, interest, and the attitude of the teacher will affect learning.
The teacher’s role is that of a catalyst. The behavior pattern of language will depend upon modeling by the teacher. To teach language is to demonstrate.
This needs a teacher who is thoroughly at home in the language he is teaching.
A confident and well-prepared teacher can easily devise ways of creating interest in language.
A corner library pamphlets, advertisements, posters, add interest to learning. Films, film-strips, poetry, songs and dramas are added incentives.
The teacher should have to be actively aware and involved in all these to create enthusiasm in learning the language.
All educationists tend to agree that all that is necessary for first-class teaching is a good teacher and responsible pupils, but they don’t grow on trees.
Without the teacher’s preparation and special training in teaching a second language, little improvement is expected.
A good understanding teacher is God’s greatest gift to the learner. One of the qualities that make a good teacher is Continuous professional development.