Standard or Spiral Approach used to be followed in western school systems, in which the students used to read the book aloud for everyone to listen or to read silently for themselves or by the teacher.
The teacher introduces the passage before reading and clarifies after the reading.
The students revise the lesson as a group to reinforce by peer teaching, explanation,
demonstrating or performing in the form of activity.
The role of the teacher remains with planning, presenting it, providing guidance, and evaluates the student’s progress.
Most of the standard contemporary textbooks follow the spiral approach. It takes about three to four weeks to cover a topic, called a unit, after which a test is taken.
The set of topics are repeated in the series of grouped curriculum each year until an optimal cognitive level is provided.
- Grade I – III
- Grade IV – V
- Grade VI-VIII
- Grade IX – X
- Grade XI-XII
Advantages of Standard Approach
The prime advantage of the standard or spiral method is ease for the teacher, all activities, diagnosis, research and evaluation is self-explanatory in the textbooks but still, the teacher has a role and can induct related materials.
The student is provided an opportunity to go through the topic again and again for two to three successive years.
Disadvantages of Standard Approach
When the student again after a cycle reaches the same topic, it needs to be refreshed again since the topic is studied after a long period of time.
There is a void of the relevance of the topic to other topics during the learning cycle.
The standard approach or spiral is successful when the student interested and repeats the
knowledge in independent work.
In addition, the teacher has to modify the text book where a difficulty occurs.
To keep abreast the students of the past students the teacher need to summarily
review the past topics on weekly basis.